Архив за етикет: Десислава Николова

Новата роля и статут на японския император според конституцията от 3 ноември 1946 г

Десислава Николова

ВТУ „Св. Св. Кирил и Методий“

The New Role and Statute of the Japanese Emperor according to the Constitution from November 1946

Desisilava Nikolova

University „St. St. Cyril and Methodius“

Abstract: With the end of the Second World War in the Japanese society a lot of challenges occur. The American Occupational Powers through SCAP using UN mandate impose seven innovations, shaking the society radically: demilitarization, democracy, trust-busting legislatute, agrarian, educational, labour reform and reform of the local government. One of the fundamental changes in the new Japanese constitution concern also the role and the place of the Emperor. It is transformed from sovereign to symbol of the Japanese State, nation and unity. This important transformation is integrated in the whole effort for democratization and coming into terms with the developed western democracies and the appeals of the new times. The emperor succeeded to keep a great part of his previous role as a symbol with significant executive and representative prerogatives, even not the center of political and social life of the country, giving security and stability in the period of crucial transformations. His personality has enormous influence along with the condition of keeping the ruling dynasty.

Key words: emperor, role, statute, reforms, constitution, social and political changes.

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