Японската икономическа дипломация към Бразилия

Боряна Митева, асистент в Катедра по Нова и съвременна история, ИФ, СУ „Св. Климент Охридски”

Japan’s economic diplomacy toward Brazil

Boryana Miteva, PhD, Asisstent professor in the Department of Early modern and Modern history, Faculty of History, Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”

Abstract: Brazil is a country of a great importance for Japan in the region of Latin America. Japan’s priority in Brazil is promoting an economic cooperation. Japan’s economic diplomacy toward Brazil consists of several key elements – expansion of bilateral trade, investment and scientific and technical exchange, signing an Economic Partnership Agreement as part of this process, as well as providing Official development assistance through ODA and JICA. Economic cooperation between Japan and Brazil during the last decade has expanded. Nevertheless, two countries have great potential for the future development. The signing of an EPA will be an important step in this direction.

Key words: Japan-Brazil relations, Japan foreign policy toward Brazil, Japan-Brazil economic cooperation

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Японското участие в операциите по опазване на мира в Южен Судан

Ивайла Ивайлова Алексова, СУ „Свети Климент Охридски” докторант в Катедра Политология, Философски факултет

Japanese involvement in peace building in South Sudan

Ivaila Ivailova Aleksova ‘St. Climent Ohridski’ PhD student in Political Science, Faculty of Philosophy

Abstract

Тhe report discusses Japanese involvement in peace building in South Sudan. The interest in the topic is provoked by the recent escalation of the conflict and need of a strengthened involvement of UN and national contingent. The need for further cooperation of NGOs and UN agencies and the issues of enhanced coordination is an urgent topic which deserves scientific attention. Japanese cooperation in Africa is revealed through two approaches-support for activities of African Union and Сsecurity Peace fund. Japanese humanitarian aid in South Sudan is characterised by shift of Japanese approach in peace building including political efforts for cease-fire and consolidation of peace.

Keywords:

Japanese self defence forces, UN peace-keeping-peace-building, UNMIS, article 9, consolidation of peace, humanitarian aid

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Икономическото развитие на Корея по времето на японския колониализъм – 1910-1945 г.

Николина Кирилова, Софийски университет „Свети Климент Охридски“

Economic development of Korea
at the time of Japanese colonialism – from 1910 to 1945

Nikolina Kirilova, Sofia University „St. Kliment Ohridski“

Abstract 

The report presented Bulgarian and foreign sources for the economic development of Korea at the time of Japanese colonialism – from 1910 to 1945: „Иновационното развитие на страните от Източна Азия (Innovation Development of East Asian Countries)“, „История Кореи (History of Korea)“, „The Economic History of Korea“, „한국경제사의이해 (Understanding the Economic History of Korea)“, „광명백과사전 5: 경제 (Encyclopedia of Light 5: Economy)“ and others.

Keywords:

Korea, Japanese colonialism, Economic development, Korea under Japanese rule, Economy and modernization

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Японските изкуства: укийо-е и маки-е

Натали Владимирова Давидова, студент, втори курс, ЮИЮА, ЦИЕК, ФКНФ, СУ „Св. Климент Охридски“

Japanese arts: ukiyo-e and maki-e

Natalie Vladimirova Davidova, second year student, Sofia University „St. Kliment Ohridski“

Summary: Japan is a country which very much appreciates and  managed to save its traditional arts and to transform them into an irreplaceable part of its culture. Two of these arts, transmitted for centuries, are ukiyo-e and maki-e. Ukiyo-e are pictures, made by printing an image with the help of wooden blocks, and maki-e is a technique for creating pictures by sprinkling the dust of metals like gold and silver. In the following report, we will learn everything there is about these two forms of the japanese traditional arts.

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Приоритетите в мироопазването в правителствата на Япония в периода 2009-2014

Ивайла Ивайлова Алексова СУ „Свети Климент Охридски” докторант в Катедра Политология, Философски факултет

Priorities regarding peace-keeping operations in the governments of Japan in the period 2009-2014

Ivaila Ivailova Aleksova ‘St. Climent Ohridski’ PhD student in Political Science, Faculty of Philosophy

Abstract

The report discusses main priorities regarding peace keeping operations in the governments of Japan in the period 2009-2014. Key documents including statements of prime ministers and officials have been analysed and factors for Japanese activities in peacekeeping have been highlighted. A conclusion could be drawn that a priority of Japanese governments is fostering US-Japanese Alliance including new areas of contribution as peace building and peacekeeping and active role in United Nations activities and policies. The motives behind the shift of Japanese interests from non traditional security instruments as human security to protection of civilians and use of force have been outlined.

Key words:

US-Japan Alliance, peace building, peacekeeping, security policy, New Security Guidelines, UN policies, human security, self-defence forces

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Жените в Япония — социална и политическа роля

Гергана Русева, студент втори курс

СУ «Св. Кл. Охридски», ФКНФ, ЦИЕК, „Южна, Източна и Югоизточна Азия“,

The Women in Japan – social and political role

Gergana Ruseva, student

Sofia University „St. Kliment Ohridski“, FKNF, CELC, SESA, second year

Abstract

In the world as we know it, Japan is one of the most developed countries in the world. Despite its development, it managed to keep the old traditions alive. Yet, the country still has a long way to go and many issues to bring to a close. For ages, Japanese woman’s place has been in home. Her duty used to be of loving wife and caring mother – the one that always stays at home. In today’s society some changes had occurred. Now, women have right to vote and work – even as politicians, if they want to. They have the right to choose their own faith. The way for Japanese women had been long and hard. They had to fight with the prejudice of a whole nation in order to get their lives in their hands. Now, these women have a choice – to marry, to work, or both. Yet, they have much more to do in order to get full social equality.

Keywords:

Japanese, women, work integration, family, tradition, society, political role

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Отношенията Япония – АСЕАН: перспективи и предизвикателства

Весела Данова, СУ „Св. Климент Охридски“, ФКНФ, ЦИЕК, специалност Южна Июточна и Югоизточна Азия, 4ти курс

Japan – ASEAN Realtions: perspectives and challenges

Vesela Danova, Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, FKNF, CELK, South East and Southeast Asia, 4th grade

Abstract

Nowadays the relations between Japan and ASEAN countries are seen as key factor in the changing turbulent regional conditions. The formation of stability and balance is one of the main tasks both for Japan and ASEAN and for that reason they are looking for an opportunity to expand and deepen the diplomatic dialog. At this point Japan is no longer just a donor for the ASEAN countries but thanks to their fast economic growth and strengthened role in the region is becoming an equal partner and ally whose presence can be strongly felt not only in the questions regarding donations but in the matters of political and security importance as well.

Keywords

Japan-ASEAN relations, cooperation, challenges, political-security diplomacy, economic relations, China, regional conflicts

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Анимациите на студио Гибли

доц. д-р Радостина Нейкова, Институт за изследване на изкуствата – БАН

Animated films of Studio Ghibli

assoc. prof. Radostina Neykova, Ph.D., Institute of Art Studies – BAS

Abstract

The text considered specific vision, aesthetics and technology of some of the most iconic animation studio „Ghibli“ (one of the most popular Japanese animation studios) and its creator Hayao Miyazaki.

Keywords:

Animation, animation vision , aesthetics and technology

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Първите огнестрелни оръжия в Япония и ролята им за обединението на страната (1543 – 1615 г.)

Цанко Цолов, магистър I курс, СУ «Св. КлиментОхридски», ИФ

The first firearms of Japan and their role for the country’s unification (1543 – 1615)

Tsanko Tsolov, Sofia University „St. Kliment Ohridski“, History department

Abstract

In 1543 A.D. the portuguese introduced the first firearms in Japan – the musket. The local feudal lords – the Daimyo, found the new weapon astonishing and bought several guns along with the recipe for making gunpowder. That happened in times, in which the japanese warfare  was changing heavily. The small, well trained samurai troops, and their subordinates fighting alongside them, were replaced with larger armies of ashigaru – lightfoot soldiers, most of them armed with firearms. Japan’s great unificators – Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi were the ones, who gave the firearms greater role in battle. It was their tactital skills and the power of firearms combined, that gave Nobunaga, and later Hideyoshi, the upper hand in the bloody wars of the late XVI century. All this culminated in the establishing of the Tokugawa shogunate by Tokugawa Ieyasu – subordinate of both Nobunaga and Hideyoshi.

Keywords:

The first firearms in Japan, Japan’s unification, Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Portuguese landing on Tanegashima.

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Международно-правови аспекти на руско-японския териториален спор

Мартин Милчев Димитров – докторант, Исторически факултет, СУ „Св. Климент Охридски“

The Territorial Dispute between Russia and Japan through the Lens of International Law

Martin Milchev Dimitrov – PhD student, Faculty of History, SU “St. Kliment Ohrdiski”

Abstract

The report presents the basic international agreements which relate to the disposition of the Russian-Japanese frontier throughout history, in light of the dispute concerning the so called “Northern Territories”. Given are the stances of both governments on those key documents, along with the influence these agreements have in shaping the narratives of both parties, in which each side claims to justify their own point of view.

Keywords:

Russia, Japan, USSR, Kuril Islands, International law, territorial dispute, „Northern Territories“

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