Конфликтът в южнокитайско море след трибунала в Хага

Павел Христов, студент IV курс, специалност „Южна, Източна и Югоизточна Азия“, ФКНФ, СУ „Св. Климент Охридски“

The South China Sea conflict after the Hague Tribunal

Pavel Hristov, 4th year student„South, East and Southeast Asia studies“, Sofia University „St. Kliment Ohridski

Abstract: The report examines the significant role of the conflict in the South China Sea in the geopolitics and economics of Asia and the world. It includes China, the United States of America, Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam. The recent economic growth of the region has contributed to a large portion of the world’s commercial merchant shipping passing through these waters. Japan and South Korea rely heavily on the South China Sea for their supply of fuels and raw materials and as an export route. It also contains rich, though unregulated and over-exploited fishing grounds and is reported to hold significant reserves of undiscovered oil and gas, which is a negative factor in maritime and territorial disputes over the Spratly Islands, Paracel Islands, Pratas, the Natuna Islands and Scarborough Shoal.

KeywordsSouth China Sea, Hague Tribunal, China, Philipines, Vietnam, United States of America, territorial disputes, geopolitics

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АСЕАН в началото на ХХI век

доц.д-р Илиян Матеев, ВТУ „Св.св.Кирил и Методий“

ASEAN at the Beginning of 21 Century

Assoc.Prof. Iliyan Mateev, Ph.D., St.St. „Cyril and Methodius“University – Veliko Tarnovo


The ASEAN Vision 2020, adopted by the ASEAN Leaders on the 30th Anniversary of ASEAN in 1997, agreed on a shared vision of ASEAN as a concert of Southeast Asian nations, outward looking, living in peace, stability and prosperity, bonded together in partnership in dynamic development and in a community of caring societies. At the 9 th ASEAN Summit in 2003, the ASEAN Leaders resolved that an ASEAN Community shall be established. At the 12th ASEAN Summit in January 2007, the Leaders affirmed their strong commitment to accelerate the establishment of an ASEAN Community by 2015 and signed the Cebu Declaration on the Acceleration of the Establishment of an ASEAN Community by 2015. The ASEAN Community is comprised of three pillars, namely the ASEAN Political-Security Community, ASEAN Economic Community and ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community.


ASEAN, Hanoi Plan of Action,Vientiane Action Programme, Brunei Action Plan

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Facebook Communication Between South-East Asian People: To Speak With Friends from The Same Country and With Those From Different Countries

Titik  Wahyuningsih, S.S., M.Hum

Lecturer, English Department, Faculty of Letters, University of Muhammadiyah Purwokerto,  Indonesia Guest Lecturer, Indonesian Language and Culture, Faculty of Classical and Modern Philology, Sofia University, St. Kliment Ohridski, Bulgaria


Facebook is one of the most popular social media by which people communicate. It is not only used between people from the same countries to communicate with, but also with people who come from different countries.  In south-east Asia, people also communicate with their friends by using facebook. I also have some south-east Asian facebook friends. To name a few: Indonesia, Thailand, Phillipine, Malaysia.

This paper observes the use of languages between native speakers of Indonesia, Thailand, Phillipines, and Malaysia with their friends from the same countries and ones with friends from different south-east Asian countries.  It focuses on the phenomena of code switching and code mixing.  Qualitative research by using sociolinguistics theory is applied here.

The observation shows that south-east Asian people tend to use their own languages (and even their own alphabet for Thai) to interract with friends from the same country but they tend to use English with those from different cuntries.  However, most of them try show their respect to friends from different countries by using their friends’ languages.

Keywords:  facebook, communication, south-east Asian, code switching, code mixing

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