Evgeniy Kandilarov, PhD
/SofiaUniversity “St. Kliment Ohridski”, IHS BAS/
In his “Memoirs” the former Bulgarian Party and State Leader during the State Socialism Todor Zhivkov claims that at the last stage of his government, during the Soviet “perestroika” of Mikhail Gorbachev turns to the strategic advantages of the Chinese model of reforms conducted by Deng Xiaoping. Zhivkov argues that he was trying to follow China as a more effective and successful model of reforms of thesocialist system and this was the reason for the worsening of the Bulgarian-Soviet relations and finally resulted in the overthrow of Zhivkov by a coup organized and supported by the Soviet Union. On the base of a series of unpublished documents from the Bulgarian State and Diplomatic archives the study tries to answer the questions: was there a real impact of the Deng Xiaoping’s reforms in Bulgaria and do they influenced somehow the decisions and actions of the Bulgarian government in the 80s? Is it true that Bulgaria turns to the Chinese model and the only reason to not continue this trend is the overthrow of Todor Zhivkov? Is it possible the implementation of the Chinese model in Bulgarian realities?
Keywords: Soviet perestroika, Chinese economic reform, Bulgarian-chinese relations, reformation of the socialist economic and political system.