Отношенията Япония – АСЕАН: перспективи и предизвикателства

Весела Данова, СУ „Св. Климент Охридски“, ФКНФ, ЦИЕК, специалност Южна Июточна и Югоизточна Азия, 4ти курс

Japan – ASEAN Realtions: perspectives and challenges

Vesela Danova, Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, FKNF, CELK, South East and Southeast Asia, 4th grade

Abstract

Nowadays the relations between Japan and ASEAN countries are seen as key factor in the changing turbulent regional conditions. The formation of stability and balance is one of the main tasks both for Japan and ASEAN and for that reason they are looking for an opportunity to expand and deepen the diplomatic dialog. At this point Japan is no longer just a donor for the ASEAN countries but thanks to their fast economic growth and strengthened role in the region is becoming an equal partner and ally whose presence can be strongly felt not only in the questions regarding donations but in the matters of political and security importance as well.

Keywords

Japan-ASEAN relations, cooperation, challenges, political-security diplomacy, economic relations, China, regional conflicts

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АСЕАН в началото на ХХI век

доц.д-р Илиян Матеев, ВТУ „Св.св.Кирил и Методий“

ASEAN at the Beginning of 21 Century

Assoc.Prof. Iliyan Mateev, Ph.D., St.St. „Cyril and Methodius“University – Veliko Tarnovo

Abstract

The ASEAN Vision 2020, adopted by the ASEAN Leaders on the 30th Anniversary of ASEAN in 1997, agreed on a shared vision of ASEAN as a concert of Southeast Asian nations, outward looking, living in peace, stability and prosperity, bonded together in partnership in dynamic development and in a community of caring societies. At the 9 th ASEAN Summit in 2003, the ASEAN Leaders resolved that an ASEAN Community shall be established. At the 12th ASEAN Summit in January 2007, the Leaders affirmed their strong commitment to accelerate the establishment of an ASEAN Community by 2015 and signed the Cebu Declaration on the Acceleration of the Establishment of an ASEAN Community by 2015. The ASEAN Community is comprised of three pillars, namely the ASEAN Political-Security Community, ASEAN Economic Community and ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community.

Keywords:

ASEAN, Hanoi Plan of Action,Vientiane Action Programme, Brunei Action Plan

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Нестабилността на Ирак – вътрешни аспекти и геополитика

Гл. ас. д-р Боян Хаджиев, катедра „Международни отношения“, УНСС

The Instability of Iraq – Internal Aspects and Geopolitics

Assist. Prof. Boyan Hadzhiev, PhD, Department of International Relations, UNWE

Abstract:

The report addresses two fundamental aspects of Iraqi instability. The first problem isthe contradictions between the main communities in the country. On the one hand, the exclusion of Sunnis from political life after 2003, this has become a prerequisite for the establishment of the Islamic State. On the other hand, the possibility of Kurdish independence and its consequences for Iraq. Secondly, those internal aspects largely depend on the external environment and especially the geopolitical processes in the region.

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Международно-правови аспекти на руско-японския териториален спор

Мартин Милчев Димитров – докторант, Исторически факултет, СУ „Св. Климент Охридски“

The Territorial Dispute between Russia and Japan through the Lens of International Law

Martin Milchev Dimitrov – PhD student, Faculty of History, SU “St. Kliment Ohrdiski”

Abstract

The report presents the basic international agreements which relate to the disposition of the Russian-Japanese frontier throughout history, in light of the dispute concerning the so called “Northern Territories”. Given are the stances of both governments on those key documents, along with the influence these agreements have in shaping the narratives of both parties, in which each side claims to justify their own point of view.

Keywords:

Russia, Japan, USSR, Kuril Islands, International law, territorial dispute, „Northern Territories“

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Балканите и Новият път на коприната – между Европа и Евразия

Професор д-р Александър Богданов Алексиев, синолог

СУ «Св. Климент Охридски», ФКНФ, ЦИЕК, КЕКИА

The Balkans and the New Silk Road: Between Europe and Eurasia

Professor Alexander Bogdanov Alexiev,Ph.D., Sinologist

Sofia University „St. Kliment Ohridski“, FCMF, CELC, DLCEА

Abstract

Bulgaria alongwith the other 16 countries of Central and Eastern Europe should seek its place in the Balkan scheme of the New Silk Road. The Balkansare about to become a part of the construction of the largest in history, the shortest and most important path of the Chinese economic colossus to the rich markets of Western Europe – the largest trading partner of China, playing a key role in its future economic development. The important geographical location of the Balkans should not be perceived only as a direct transit route to EU markets. Countries in the Balkan region in this situation should not just play the passive role of a transit territory.They have a real opportunity to organize and to come up with initiatives that go beyond the logistics and transport infrastructure, and take advantage of China’s plans to expand its presence in the CEE region to develop their new export markets in Asia and Europe. Projects should be linked also to investments that provide comprehensive systematic growth and jobs, including the construction of the physical infrastructure itself, helping to raise the standard of living of the local population, andthusputintoreallife the motto „win-win cooperation“ (合作共赢), widely proclaimed within this strategic initiative. For Bulgaria priority Chinese projects are „Adriatic-Baltic-Black Sea Seaport Cooperation“ and the International Transport Corridor Europe-Caucasus-Asia (TRACECA).

Keywords:

EU, Europe, Bulgaria, Balkans, 16+1, China, New Silk Road, OBOR, TRACECA

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БРИКС и САЩ – единство и борба на противоположностите

Михаил Стефанов Киряков, Студент II курс, бакалавърска програма „Южна, Източна и Югоизточна Азия“, Софийски университет „Св. Климент Охридски“

BRICS and the US – unity and struggle of opposites

Michael Stefanov Kirjakov, Bachelor program „South, East and Southeast Asia“, Sofia University „St. Kliment Ohridski “ 

Abstract: This report reviews the events and reasons for the formation of The BRICS, the motives and goals of The BRICS, and the complicated relationship between The BRICS and the Western Powers, embodied by the U.S. It also attempts to create a more realistic and bias perspective on the potential of The BRICS, who increasingly appear to represent the dawning of a new world order brought on by the shortcomings of the previous one, in the eyes of the developing countries.

The economic, social and political worlds are in a constant state of transformation. Once a certain social structure or institution rises to power, another shows up to challenge it. The resulting clash between the two produces a new fusion and a new power, that will be challenged on its own tern.

Keywords:  BRICS; U.S.-BRICS relationship; Multi-polar world order; BRICS potential perspectives.

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China’s Presence in Africa

Zlat Popzlatev, BA program „South, East and Southeast Asia“, Sofia University „St. Kliment Ohridski“

Присъствието на Китай в Африка

Злат Попзлатев, бакалавърска програма „Южна, Източна и Югоизточна Азия“, Софийски университет „Св. Климент Охридски“

Introduction 

Since the beginning of the twenty-first century, Chinahas become a major economic player in Africa due toits interest in the continent’s deposits of raw materials and hydrocarbons. It is also concerned with forging a fruitfulpolitical partnership with Africa, which would give it astronger influence within the international community. China’s presence in Africa can be gauged by the increase inbilateral trade, which went from $12.3 billion in 2002 to$40 billion in 2005 before climbing to $55.5 billion the followingyear and to $72.9 billion in 2007.Criticism of China’s policy in Africa has become commonplace.

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Ядрена енергетика на Япония: структура, проблеми и бъдеще

Даяна Иванова, Южна, Източна и Югоизточна Азия, III курс Софийски университет

Japan’s nuclear power: structure, problems and future

Dayana Ivanova, East, South, Southeast Asian Studies,  Sofia University ‘St. Kliment Ohridski’ – Centre for Eastern Languages and Studies

Abstract:Until the 1950s only hydro- and thermal electric power stations were known across the globe; these require an abundance of water and fossil fuel sources – two key components for the production of electric power which are something that Japan definitely lacks sufficient quantities of. All this is of enormous detriment to Japan, which has been entirely dependent on import, a fact that continues to put a lot of strain on the country’s economy to this day. The advent of the nuclear generator is precisely the innovation in science and technology that Japan needs to solve its energy dependency issues. The turning point, however, in this part of Japan’s development were the tragic events of the Fukushima nuclear power plant disaster in 2011, which have made the country rethink its course of action. The purpose of the following paper is to shortly represent the structure of the Japanese nuclear power industry, consequences following the current energy crisis and strongly affecting the country’s economy, and what the eventual prospects and solutions for this major issue are.

Keywords:nuclear power, Japan, electric power stations, Fukushima, energy crisis

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Източна в Централна Азия: интереси и стратегии

Д-р Боряна Митева, Асистент в Катедра “Нова и съвременна обща история”, ИФ на СУ “Св. Климент Охридски”

East Asia in Central Asia: interests and strategies

Boryana Miteva, PhD, Assistant Professor at Department „Modern and Contemporary common history“ Faculty of History, Sofia University „St. Kliment Ohridski „

Abstract:As a part of Eurasia, the region of Central Asia is of great importance to the East Asian countries. Therefore, the PRC, Japan and the Republic of Korea formulated specific strategies toward Central Asia in order to realize their priorities. Geographical proximity to Central Asia is a determinative factor for the PRC to dominate the region. Interests of Beijing are related with national security of some border areas and with Xinjiang area in particular, and expansion of the economic and the energetic cooperation with the Central Asian countries. Discussing regional problems in the framework of SCO and including Central Asia in the PRC’s strategy “One road, one belt” are significant for realizing the PRC’s interests in Central Asia. Although the region of Central Asia is not that high priority for Japan and the Republic of Korea, as for the PRC, Tokyo and Seul also have their interests toward Central Asia, related with the security in Eurasia, economic and energetic cooperation. The importance of Central Asia for Tokyo and Seul is evident with a view to the cooperation within “Central Asia+Japan” and “the Republic of Korea and Central Asia”.

Keу words: Central Asia, PRC’s foreign policy, Japan’s foreign policy, ROC’s foreign policy

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Виетнам по пътя на интеграцията и устойчивото развитие

Д-р  Нго Тхи Тхук, Гост-преподавател от СРВ в ЦИЕК, СУ „Св. Кл. Охридски

Vietnam towards integration and sustainable development

Ngo Thi Thuk, PhD, Visiting professor of SRVietnam in St.Kl.Ohridski Sofia University

Въведение

Цел на Стратегията за икономическото и социалното развитие, приета на XI конгрес на Комунистическата партия на Виетнам е превръщане на страната до 2020 г. в модерна индустриална държава. Като една главна задача за постигане на тази цел е адаптацията към промените на света и региона, особено след Глобалната финансова криза и световната рецесия през 2008-2009 г.

Светът навлиза в нова фаза на преструктуриране на световната икономика. В този контекст зеленият растеж и устойчивото развитие са цели на всяка държава за постигане на ефективност и качество на икономическите процеси, съобразявайки се с промените в околната среда и изменението на климата. Виетнам търпи определени последствия в резултат на климатичните изменения, свързани с покачване на морското равнище.

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