Японските изкуства: укийо-е и маки-е

Натали Владимирова Давидова, студент, втори курс, ЮИЮА, ЦИЕК, ФКНФ, СУ „Св. Климент Охридски“

Japanese arts: ukiyo-e and maki-e

Natalie Vladimirova Davidova, second year student, Sofia University „St. Kliment Ohridski“

Summary: Japan is a country which very much appreciates and  managed to save its traditional arts and to transform them into an irreplaceable part of its culture. Two of these arts, transmitted for centuries, are ukiyo-e and maki-e. Ukiyo-e are pictures, made by printing an image with the help of wooden blocks, and maki-e is a technique for creating pictures by sprinkling the dust of metals like gold and silver. In the following report, we will learn everything there is about these two forms of the japanese traditional arts.

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Жената, избрала свободата чрез смъртта. Размисли върху баладите „Пауни летят на югоизток“ и „Стоян и Рада“

Лъчезара Валентинова Николова

СУ «Св. Климент Охридски», студент специалност китаистика, преподавател по китайски език в 138 СУ. «Проф. Васил Златарски»

The woman that has chosen freedom through death. Analysis of the ballads “Southeast Fly The Peacocks” and “Stoyan and Rada”

Latchezara Valentinova Nikolova,

Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, student at Chinese philology, Chinese language teacher at 138-th Secondary school “Prof. Vassil Zlatarski”


The presented report discusses the story of two women driven to commit suicide let by their true convictions. Although that they belong to particularly different cultures and eras, they tend to share the same concept when it comes to the understanding of feelings such as joy and love.

The first work is the poem “ Southeast Fly The Peacocks“ – a masterpiece of the Chinese literature. An author coming from another time period and culture that is drawn from the vision of the new type of human – passionate and gusty, is Nayden Gerov who writes the first Bulgarian poem – „Stoyan and Rada.“

In Rada emerges the face of Liu Lanzhi – the image of the woman fighting for her freedom, created by the ordinary people. The two characters make a combination of the virtues that the ideal woman should share: simple, modest and beautiful, but smart and fearless, passionate and impulsively worthy of the Great love, wherever it is.


Chinese, “Southeast Fly The Peacocks”, Bulgarian, “Stoyan and Rada”, freedom, love, death, poems, ballads

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Гл. Асистент Денка Маринова, доктор, НСА“Васил Левски“


Chief assistant Denka Marinova, PhD, NSA“Vassil Levski“


The world is changing more rapidly than at any other time in human history. As our concepts of Western medicine have shifted in recent years, today’s public demands a more comprehensive approach from its health care providers. The eyesight is not an isolated phenomenon but is rooted in our totality. Each unique individual literally takes in the world through the senses, primarily vision. The way we see the world is, to some degree, a reflection of who we are. Our being is further reflected in the visual symptoms we manifest. The object of this study is to answer the question: Is acupuncture of any use in ophthalmology? Despite an inability to explain in modern scientific terms the healing power of acupuncture, documentation of over 500 cases treated shows that this modality can be successful in the treatment of eye diseases, especially in cases of retinitis pigmentosa,

Keywords:eyesight, traditional chinese medicine, acupuncture, hepar, ophtalmology

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Жените в Япония — социална и политическа роля

Гергана Русева, студент втори курс

СУ «Св. Кл. Охридски», ФКНФ, ЦИЕК, „Южна, Източна и Югоизточна Азия“,

The Women in Japan – social and political role

Gergana Ruseva, student

Sofia University „St. Kliment Ohridski“, FKNF, CELC, SESA, second year


In the world as we know it, Japan is one of the most developed countries in the world. Despite its development, it managed to keep the old traditions alive. Yet, the country still has a long way to go and many issues to bring to a close. For ages, Japanese woman’s place has been in home. Her duty used to be of loving wife and caring mother – the one that always stays at home. In today’s society some changes had occurred. Now, women have right to vote and work – even as politicians, if they want to. They have the right to choose their own faith. The way for Japanese women had been long and hard. They had to fight with the prejudice of a whole nation in order to get their lives in their hands. Now, these women have a choice – to marry, to work, or both. Yet, they have much more to do in order to get full social equality.


Japanese, women, work integration, family, tradition, society, political role

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Threats to Indonesian Language? Gaul and Alay Language as Products of Urban Culture in Jakarta


Guest Teacher of Indonesian Language and Culture at Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”


Bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian) is used in the Republic of Indonesia as national language. Indonesian is derived from Malay, the lingua franca in Indonesian archipelago comprising over 700 living languages. Nowadays, the use of Indonesian language in urban community of Jakarta has had lots of modification in its form and use. The use of Gaul language whose characteristic is mainly with messing the sounds and Alay language mainly with messing the forms have been seen by many as threats to the existence of Indonesian language, many have seen them as variations of language use. This paper attempts to examine the characteristics of Gaul and Alay language and whether they are threats to Indonesian.


Indonesian Language, Lingua Franca, Gaul, Alay, language use, variation, threats.

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Performativity in Bulgarian and Balinese Rites. Cross-cultural Aspects

Assoc. Prof. Joanna Spassova-Dikova, PhD.

Insitute of Art Studies, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences


The paper is part of a larger interdisciplinary comparative study of the theatrical masks in the Eastern and Western cultures. The focus of the attention is on some of the Bulgarian rites like lazarouvane, mummers games (Jamal), nestinarstvo and their “analogues” in Balinese culture as legong, Barong, topeng, kecak fire dance. An attempt for providing a cross-cultural analysis of these theatrical ritual forms typical of the traditional cultures of Bulgaria and Bali is made, not so much in the context of their specific folklore, ethnographic or religious aspects (paganism, Christianity, Hinduism), but more in terms of performativity, safeguarding of the intangible cultural heritage and intercultural communication.


Performativity, cross-cultural, intercultural communication, Bulgarian and Balinese Rites: Initiation rites, rites for the victory of good over evil and rites for connecting with the transcendental powers

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Анимациите на студио Гибли

доц. д-р Радостина Нейкова, Институт за изследване на изкуствата – БАН

Animated films of Studio Ghibli

assoc. prof. Radostina Neykova, Ph.D., Institute of Art Studies – BAS


The text considered specific vision, aesthetics and technology of some of the most iconic animation studio „Ghibli“ (one of the most popular Japanese animation studios) and its creator Hayao Miyazaki.


Animation, animation vision , aesthetics and technology

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Аспекти из естетиката на филмовия плакат в китайското детско кино в края на 40-те и през 50-те години на ХХ век.

Доц. д-р Андроника Мартонова, Сектор Екранни Изкуства, Институт за изследване на изкуствата, БАН

Aspects around the aesthetics of the film poster in Chinese children’s cinema in the end of 40`s and in the 1950`s

Assoc. Prof. Andronika Martonova, PhD, Screen Arts Dept, Institute of Art Studies, BAS

Abstract: The cinema for children’s audience from the socialist countries changed drastically in the years of the Cold War. China and Bulgaria do not make exceptions – the screens were dominated by the revolutionary pathos. Most of the future, full length movies glorify and propagandize the image of the child-national super hero without childhood. Others films educate young viewers in the dogmas of the communist system. The fabulous and fantastic stories are rarely.  The film posters promote of all of these cinema`s artifact and communicate successfully with the audiences in the various socialist, friendly countries.

Keywords:film posters, China, cinema, children`s art, aesthetic, visual communication, socialism, Bulgarian film archive

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Facebook Communication Between South-East Asian People: To Speak With Friends from The Same Country and With Those From Different Countries

Titik  Wahyuningsih, S.S., M.Hum

Lecturer, English Department, Faculty of Letters, University of Muhammadiyah Purwokerto,  Indonesia Guest Lecturer, Indonesian Language and Culture, Faculty of Classical and Modern Philology, Sofia University, St. Kliment Ohridski, Bulgaria


Facebook is one of the most popular social media by which people communicate. It is not only used between people from the same countries to communicate with, but also with people who come from different countries.  In south-east Asia, people also communicate with their friends by using facebook. I also have some south-east Asian facebook friends. To name a few: Indonesia, Thailand, Phillipine, Malaysia.

This paper observes the use of languages between native speakers of Indonesia, Thailand, Phillipines, and Malaysia with their friends from the same countries and ones with friends from different south-east Asian countries.  It focuses on the phenomena of code switching and code mixing.  Qualitative research by using sociolinguistics theory is applied here.

The observation shows that south-east Asian people tend to use their own languages (and even their own alphabet for Thai) to interract with friends from the same country but they tend to use English with those from different cuntries.  However, most of them try show their respect to friends from different countries by using their friends’ languages.

Keywords:  facebook, communication, south-east Asian, code switching, code mixing

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Alexander Fedotoff

Professor, Dr. Habil. and Ph. D.

Korean Studies Department, Center for Eastern Languages and Cultures,

Faculty on Classical and Modern Philology,

Saint Kliment Ohridki Sofia University


White color is a universal and traditional symbol, which is often used by Koreans and nations of the so-called Altaic World in their myths, epic stories, legends and narrations both in esoteric and exoteric meaning. Different animals of white color play special role in ancient myths, oral epic and folklore stories based on authentic beliefs, cults, and rituals in Korea and Central Asia.

Key words: white animals, Korean and Central Asian myths, epic stories, folktales, rituals, cults.

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