Проблемът с опазването на околната среда в Китай след стартирането  на  икономическите  реформи през 1978 г.

Ерхан АхмедовДокторант, ПУ „Паисий Хилендарски“

The problem of environmental protection in China after the launch of economic reforms in 1978

Erhan Ahmedov, PhD student, Plovdiv University „Paisius of Hilendar

Summary:The report presents data on issues of environmental protection in China after the launch of economic and political reforms in 1978. The main arguments, is that the Chinese economy can turn from polluting environmentally friendly economy. For this purpose it is necessary to markedly increase the proportion of energy generated from renewable sources: wind and sun, and to use natural resources more economically and in a way environmentally friendly. The method used is the analysis of Western books, Bulgarian and Chinese researchers who have written on the topic, as well as articles from officious CCP ,, People’s Daily „(March 2014 December 2015). The research problem is to reveal how rapid economic development has an impact on the environment. Chinese system of managing the economy and society is specific. It is a combination of socialist administrative regulations and market elements. How does this system deal with environmental issues?

Keywords: pollution, environment, air, water, carbon dioxide,  investment.

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Ядрена енергетика на Япония: структура, проблеми и бъдеще

Даяна Иванова, Южна, Източна и Югоизточна Азия, III курс Софийски университет

Japan’s nuclear power: structure, problems and future

Dayana Ivanova, East, South, Southeast Asian Studies,  Sofia University ‘St. Kliment Ohridski’ – Centre for Eastern Languages and Studies

Abstract:Until the 1950s only hydro- and thermal electric power stations were known across the globe; these require an abundance of water and fossil fuel sources – two key components for the production of electric power which are something that Japan definitely lacks sufficient quantities of. All this is of enormous detriment to Japan, which has been entirely dependent on import, a fact that continues to put a lot of strain on the country’s economy to this day. The advent of the nuclear generator is precisely the innovation in science and technology that Japan needs to solve its energy dependency issues. The turning point, however, in this part of Japan’s development were the tragic events of the Fukushima nuclear power plant disaster in 2011, which have made the country rethink its course of action. The purpose of the following paper is to shortly represent the structure of the Japanese nuclear power industry, consequences following the current energy crisis and strongly affecting the country’s economy, and what the eventual prospects and solutions for this major issue are.

Keywords:nuclear power, Japan, electric power stations, Fukushima, energy crisis

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Източна в Централна Азия: интереси и стратегии

Д-р Боряна Митева, Асистент в Катедра “Нова и съвременна обща история”, ИФ на СУ “Св. Климент Охридски”

East Asia in Central Asia: interests and strategies

Boryana Miteva, PhD, Assistant Professor at Department „Modern and Contemporary common history“ Faculty of History, Sofia University „St. Kliment Ohridski „

Abstract:As a part of Eurasia, the region of Central Asia is of great importance to the East Asian countries. Therefore, the PRC, Japan and the Republic of Korea formulated specific strategies toward Central Asia in order to realize their priorities. Geographical proximity to Central Asia is a determinative factor for the PRC to dominate the region. Interests of Beijing are related with national security of some border areas and with Xinjiang area in particular, and expansion of the economic and the energetic cooperation with the Central Asian countries. Discussing regional problems in the framework of SCO and including Central Asia in the PRC’s strategy “One road, one belt” are significant for realizing the PRC’s interests in Central Asia. Although the region of Central Asia is not that high priority for Japan and the Republic of Korea, as for the PRC, Tokyo and Seul also have their interests toward Central Asia, related with the security in Eurasia, economic and energetic cooperation. The importance of Central Asia for Tokyo and Seul is evident with a view to the cooperation within “Central Asia+Japan” and “the Republic of Korea and Central Asia”.

Keу words: Central Asia, PRC’s foreign policy, Japan’s foreign policy, ROC’s foreign policy

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Виетнам по пътя на интеграцията и устойчивото развитие

Д-р  Нго Тхи Тхук, Гост-преподавател от СРВ в ЦИЕК, СУ „Св. Кл. Охридски

Vietnam towards integration and sustainable development

Ngo Thi Thuk, PhD, Visiting professor of SRVietnam in St.Kl.Ohridski Sofia University

Въведение

Цел на Стратегията за икономическото и социалното развитие, приета на XI конгрес на Комунистическата партия на Виетнам е превръщане на страната до 2020 г. в модерна индустриална държава. Като една главна задача за постигане на тази цел е адаптацията към промените на света и региона, особено след Глобалната финансова криза и световната рецесия през 2008-2009 г.

Светът навлиза в нова фаза на преструктуриране на световната икономика. В този контекст зеленият растеж и устойчивото развитие са цели на всяка държава за постигане на ефективност и качество на икономическите процеси, съобразявайки се с промените в околната среда и изменението на климата. Виетнам търпи определени последствия в резултат на климатичните изменения, свързани с покачване на морското равнище.

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Индонезия – съвременно социално-икономическо развитие

Професор дфн., д-р ист. Нако Райнов Стефанов, СУ «Св. КлиментОхридски», ФКНФ, ЦИЕК, КЕКИА

Indonesia – contemporary socio-economic development

Professor Nako Raynov Stefanov, D.Sc. (in Philosophy), Ph.D. (in History), Sofia University „St. Kliment Ohridski“, FKNF, CELC, KLCEА

Abstract

The main objective of the given material is the analysis of modern socio-economic development of Indonesia. Based on this analysis are synthesized the key findings concerning the characteristics of the socio-economic system of the country. In view of the findings are predicted the potential socio-economic prospects in a short and medium terms. The main sections of the report are:

1. Analysis of key structures and trends of social and economic life of Indonesia;

2. Characteristics of the key directions of socio-economic system of Indonesia;

3. Possible alternatives concerning the challenges and prospects of socio-economic dynamics of Indonesia.

Keywords:

Indonesia,contemporarysocio-economic development, characteristics of the socio-economic system, potential socio-economic prospects

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КНДР – социално-икономическа динамика от основаването на републиката до днес

Николина Кирилова, СУ „Св. Климент Охридски”

DPRK – socio-economic dynamics from the founding of the republic till today

Nikolina Kirilova, Hon. Lecturer – University „St. Kl. Ohridski „

Целта на доклада е да се направи общ преглед на социално-икономическата динамика на КНДР от основаването на републиката до днес.

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Състояние и тенденции на търговията с храни между България и Китай

гл. ас. д-р Антон КостадиновСекция Международна икономика, Институт за икономически изследвания /ИИИ/, БАН

China – Bulgaria food trade, current conditions and trends

Chief assistant PhD Anton KostadinovDepartment of international economics, Institute for economic research, BAS

Abstract:Nowadays China is the biggest trading partner for many countries. China is second biggest trade partner for European union as well. Trade volume between these two major subjects in global economy is constantly growing. EU is traditional food producer and exporter. During political tensions with Russia and trade embargo EU is forced to develop export destinations as China is. Bulgaria is a member state of EU since 2007 and that made significant changes in Bulgaria’s foreign trade. Furthermore, over 60% of Bulgaria’s export is designated to EU. Bulgaria is also traditional food producer and farmers in the country can benefit from both: EU subsidies and close location to ports under China’s concession – Piraeus in Greece. Moreover, China desperately deeds high quality foods for its population. There are two main factors forcing China to develop food trade: urbanization and environmental pollution. By now China is experiencing biggest mass movement if world’s history, country is facing unprecedented urbanization. The last 35 years of economic development in China were crucial. China sacrificed its environment instead of economic growth. The price now country has to pay for that pollution is unforeseen and the consequences are heavy. Now in about 20% of arable land in China in contaminated with toxic chemicals, heavy metals and industrial waste. At the same time incomes of China’s population is growing and the demand for healthy and for more food is growing. Therefore, providing population with adequate food is concerning country’s national security.

Key words: China – Bulgaria food trade; food security; international trade

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Иновационният подход в развитието на алианса „Рено-Нисан“

Драгомир Касъров, Софийски университет „Св. Климент Охридски“, Магистърска програма „История и съвременно развитие на страните от Източна Азия (Япония, Китай, Корея)“

 The Renault-Nissan Alliance and Innovation

Dragomir Kasarov, Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski, Мaster’s degree programme “History and Contemporary Development of the Countries of Eastern Asia (Japan, China, Korea)”

Abstract

The purpose of the report is to analyze Nissan’s successful development as a part of the Renault-Nissan alliance and the role of innovative and hi-tech products in achieving this. The main thesis fill focus on the background of Nissan’s financial problems as well as the efforts to avoid bankruptcy in 1991 until the establishment of the alliance. The exposition will include a review of the innovative business model of the alliance and it’s best known revolutionary product – the LEAF (the first all electric commercial vehicle).

Keywords:Renault, Nissan, innovation, automobiles , electric vehicle, autonomous driving,

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Япония – актуален преглед на съвременното социално-икономическо развитие (Дали «Абеномика»-та се оказа успешен ход?)

Професор дфн., д-р ист. Нако Райнов Стефанов, СУ «Св. КлиментОхридски», ФКНФ, ЦИЕК, КЕКИА

Japan – updated overview of contemporary socio-economic development (Whether «Abenomics» proved to be successful move?)

Professor Nako Raynov Stefanov, D.Sc. (in Philosophy), Ph.D. (in History), Sofia University „St. Kliment Ohridski“, FKNF, CELC, KLCEА

Abstract

Many challenges with different nature before which Japan is facing today in the second half of the second decade of the XXI century, are based on the key one – overcoming the long stagnation in the economy. In this sense, the proposed topic of whether „abenomics», i.e. the current model of economic functioning of the Land of the Rising Sun, „works“ in this direction – overcoming stagnation, is important and relevant topic.

The objectives of the material are notably – to reveal the conditions and factors that impose „abenomics“, as well as uncovering its content, the functioning, the philosophy and the conceptual platform. And most importantly to assess whether the model of «abenomics» is proved to be successful „move“ for solving the problems and challenges which Japan is facing today. The basic tasks to achieve the objectives are structured in major sections of the report:

1. Basic conditions and factors, which imposed «abenomics» as a model of economic functioning of Japan;

2. The content, the functioning, the philosophy and the conceptual platform of «abenomics»;

3. Assessment of the functioning of «abenomics» today and forecasts about the prospects of the model.

Keywords:

«Abenomics»,contemporarysocio-economic development, overcoming stagnation, philosophy and conceptual platform of «abenomics», potential socio-economic prospects

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Изтокът гостува на Запада или как България може да привлече китайски туристи

Въведение

Сякаш повече сме свикнали да говорим за Запада като завоевател, откривател и гост на далечни народи, отколкото да приписваме подобни качества на Далечния Изток. Светът обаче се променя и е ред на Изтока да направи своите „завоевания“. „Старият“ запад все повече изостава в съревнованието с „новия“ бързоразвиващ се Изток. Но разликата идва и от другаде – този път завоевателите не са нежелани гости, а напротив – те са тези, които западната част от света очаква с нетърпение.  Китай блести в златни багри и далеч не става въпрос за традиционни цветове. Поднебесната империя произвежда всичко за всеки, инвестира, определя насоки. Някои дори я определят за създателката на Новия световен ред. Ако парафразираме Конфуций – това не е нищо ново, а позабравено старо. Китай през годините не един път е доказвал своята значимост за света, и не един път е определял насоките.

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