Японската икономическа дипломация към Бразилия

Боряна Митева, асистент в Катедра по Нова и съвременна история, ИФ, СУ „Св. Климент Охридски”

Japan’s economic diplomacy toward Brazil

Boryana Miteva, PhD, Asisstent professor in the Department of Early modern and Modern history, Faculty of History, Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”

Abstract: Brazil is a country of a great importance for Japan in the region of Latin America. Japan’s priority in Brazil is promoting an economic cooperation. Japan’s economic diplomacy toward Brazil consists of several key elements – expansion of bilateral trade, investment and scientific and technical exchange, signing an Economic Partnership Agreement as part of this process, as well as providing Official development assistance through ODA and JICA. Economic cooperation between Japan and Brazil during the last decade has expanded. Nevertheless, two countries have great potential for the future development. The signing of an EPA will be an important step in this direction.

Key words: Japan-Brazil relations, Japan foreign policy toward Brazil, Japan-Brazil economic cooperation

Има още

Икономическото развитие на Корея по времето на японския колониализъм – 1910-1945 г.

Николина Кирилова, Софийски университет „Свети Климент Охридски“

Economic development of Korea
at the time of Japanese colonialism – from 1910 to 1945

Nikolina Kirilova, Sofia University „St. Kliment Ohridski“


The report presented Bulgarian and foreign sources for the economic development of Korea at the time of Japanese colonialism – from 1910 to 1945: „Иновационното развитие на страните от Източна Азия (Innovation Development of East Asian Countries)“, „История Кореи (History of Korea)“, „The Economic History of Korea“, „한국경제사의이해 (Understanding the Economic History of Korea)“, „광명백과사전 5: 경제 (Encyclopedia of Light 5: Economy)“ and others.


Korea, Japanese colonialism, Economic development, Korea under Japanese rule, Economy and modernization

Има още

Динамика на виетнамската икономика през първите две десетилетия на XXI век

д-р Крум Красимиров Златков, СУСв. КлиментОхридски”, ФКНФ, ЦИЕК

Dynamics of the Vietnamese economy in the first two decades of the XXI century

Krum Krasimirov Zlatkov, Ph.D., Sofia University „St. Kliment Ohridski“, FKNF, CELC


During the first two decades of the XXI century the Vietnamese economy continues the high-level development. The most important for the achieved success is the growth of international economic integration. The private sector and foreign investments are concentrated in small and medium-sized companies, while the large industrial centers of strategic importance remain in state hands. In this spirit, in 2001 the Communist Party approved a new 10-year plan, which envisages strengthening of private companies, while at the same time preserve the leading role of the state in the economy. Vietnam achieved high economic growth, which continues to rise. In the process of integration with the global economy, FDI is emerging as one of the foundations of economic growth in this country. They are of great importance to providing an additional capital investment, export promotion, technology transfer, development of human resources and creating new jobs. Due to the large number of investment projects Vietnam accepts the image of a country with a dynamic economy that is increasingly attracting international attention.


Vietnam, Vietnamese economy, Vietnamese economy development, FDI in Vietnam, dynamic economy.

Има още

Лицензионен режим на внос на ориз в Република България – правни регламенти

доц.д-р Гена Велковска – Тракийски университет, Стопански факултет – гр.Стара Загора

Юрисконсулт Валери Велковски – Министерство на земеделието и храните – гр.София

Licensing regime for imports of rice in Bulgaria – legal regulations

Assoc  Prof. Dr. Gena Velkovska – Trakya University, Faculty of Economics – Stara Zagoracity

Legal adviser Valerie Velkovski – Ministry of Agriculture and Food – Sofiacity 


Legal regulation of imports of agricultural and processedAgricultural products includes two main areas:

a / licenses and certificates for the exercise of this activity;
b / exercise control over the execution received licenses and certificates.

Аctivities import licensing and import controls are linked to the implementation of the regulations of the European Union (EU) governing the Common agricultural policy of the EU on imports and exports of agricultural and processed agricultural products.

An essential element of the contested regulation is to maintain a special register of importers of agricultural products including rice.
Obtaining licenses and certificates for imports of agricultural products, including rice is also linked to the performance of another legal condition:
- Providing collateral.

Before or at the time of application for participation in the distribution of quotas and tenders for the import of agricultural products from third countries, as well as the obligation to imports of agricultural products from third countries under licenses importers submit to the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (MAF ) original documents incorporated guarantee matching the collateral under this Regulation.

Keywords:rice,import, license, certificate, security, warranty, Asian countries, ordinance

Има още

Отношенията Япония – АСЕАН: перспективи и предизвикателства

Весела Данова, СУ „Св. Климент Охридски“, ФКНФ, ЦИЕК, специалност Южна Июточна и Югоизточна Азия, 4ти курс

Japan – ASEAN Realtions: perspectives and challenges

Vesela Danova, Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, FKNF, CELK, South East and Southeast Asia, 4th grade


Nowadays the relations between Japan and ASEAN countries are seen as key factor in the changing turbulent regional conditions. The formation of stability and balance is one of the main tasks both for Japan and ASEAN and for that reason they are looking for an opportunity to expand and deepen the diplomatic dialog. At this point Japan is no longer just a donor for the ASEAN countries but thanks to their fast economic growth and strengthened role in the region is becoming an equal partner and ally whose presence can be strongly felt not only in the questions regarding donations but in the matters of political and security importance as well.


Japan-ASEAN relations, cooperation, challenges, political-security diplomacy, economic relations, China, regional conflicts

Има още

Споразумението за свободна търговия между Европейския съюз и Виетнам – възможности и перспективи за България

Гл. ас. д-р Едуард Маринов, Институт за икономически изследвания при БАН

The EU-Vietnam Free Trade Agreement – Opportunities and Prospects for Bulgaria

Assistant Professor Eduard Marinov, PhD, Economic Research Institute at BAS


The paper firstly discusses the development of the institutional framework of trade relations between the EU and Vietnam. It then presents briefly the main features of the EU-Vietnam FTA. Finally some conclusions are drawn on the opportunities and prospects which the Agreement presents to Bulgaria.


EVFTA, EU trade policy, Bulgaria-Vietnam bilateral trade, Bulgaria-ASEAN relations

Има още

The Eurasian Land Bridge: Advantages, Disadvantages, Solutions

Dr Ivaylo Gatev, Ph.D. (in Philosophy), University of Nottingham Ningbo China


The commercial relationship between China and the cluster of states that make up the European Union is one of the cornerstones of the global economy. With a few exceptions, scholarly accounts of this relationship have paid scant attention to the overland transport networks along which material exchanges between China and Europe take place. Drawing on the insights of the logistics management literature, this article examines the technological circuits, flows and interconnections that shape the character of China-EU commercial exchanges. It argues that the developing rail links between China and Europe present a mixture of opportunities and challenges for the logistics industry that lend themselves to a variety of technical and managerial solutions.


Eurasian land bridge, transport infrastructure, connectivity

Има още

Балканите и Новият път на коприната – между Европа и Евразия

Професор д-р Александър Богданов Алексиев, синолог

СУ «Св. Климент Охридски», ФКНФ, ЦИЕК, КЕКИА

The Balkans and the New Silk Road: Between Europe and Eurasia

Professor Alexander Bogdanov Alexiev,Ph.D., Sinologist

Sofia University „St. Kliment Ohridski“, FCMF, CELC, DLCEА


Bulgaria alongwith the other 16 countries of Central and Eastern Europe should seek its place in the Balkan scheme of the New Silk Road. The Balkansare about to become a part of the construction of the largest in history, the shortest and most important path of the Chinese economic colossus to the rich markets of Western Europe – the largest trading partner of China, playing a key role in its future economic development. The important geographical location of the Balkans should not be perceived only as a direct transit route to EU markets. Countries in the Balkan region in this situation should not just play the passive role of a transit territory.They have a real opportunity to organize and to come up with initiatives that go beyond the logistics and transport infrastructure, and take advantage of China’s plans to expand its presence in the CEE region to develop their new export markets in Asia and Europe. Projects should be linked also to investments that provide comprehensive systematic growth and jobs, including the construction of the physical infrastructure itself, helping to raise the standard of living of the local population, andthusputintoreallife the motto „win-win cooperation“ (合作共赢), widely proclaimed within this strategic initiative. For Bulgaria priority Chinese projects are „Adriatic-Baltic-Black Sea Seaport Cooperation“ and the International Transport Corridor Europe-Caucasus-Asia (TRACECA).


EU, Europe, Bulgaria, Balkans, 16+1, China, New Silk Road, OBOR, TRACECA

Има още

Стопанското развитие на Корейския полуостров в епохата на „Трите царства“(삼국시대) – Когурьо(高句麗), Пекче(百濟) и Шила(新羅) – основни параметри

Нако Стефанов, проф., дфн д-р ист.

СУ „Св. Климент Охридски“, ФКНФ, ЦИЕК, КЕКИА

The economic development of the Korean Peninsula in the era of the “Three kingdoms(삼국시대) – Goguryeo/Koguryo/(高句麗), Baekje (百濟) and Silla (新羅)  – basic parameters

Professor Nako Raynov Stefanov, D.Sc. (in Philosophy), Ph.D. (in History)

Sofia University „St. Kliment Ohridski“, FKNF, CELC, KLCEА


The study of the socio-economic systems of Koguryo, Pekche and Silla aims to understand not only the specifics of the economic and social dynamics of the Korean Peninsula. It also seeks to make accurate and valid conclusions for the exceptional diversity of socio-economic processes globally. This objective is achieved through the following tasks structured in major sections of material:

1. Koguryo, Baekje and Silla – a brief overview of the adminstrative and political development;

2. The material-technical culture created on the Korean peninsula during the period;

3. Socio-economic structure of the three kingdoms – key parameters.

Based on the analysis of the facts described in the studied literature  is made a conclusion that the socio-economic structure of the „Three Kingdoms“ is characterized by the so-called. „Asian system“ called also  „State-communal system.“


Socio-economic systems, Koguryo, Pekche and Shila, state-political development, material-technical culture, diversity of socio-economic processes, „Asian system“, „State-communal system.“

Има още

China’s Presence in Africa

Zlat Popzlatev, BA program „South, East and Southeast Asia“, Sofia University „St. Kliment Ohridski“

Присъствието на Китай в Африка

Злат Попзлатев, бакалавърска програма „Южна, Източна и Югоизточна Азия“, Софийски университет „Св. Климент Охридски“


Since the beginning of the twenty-first century, Chinahas become a major economic player in Africa due toits interest in the continent’s deposits of raw materials and hydrocarbons. It is also concerned with forging a fruitfulpolitical partnership with Africa, which would give it astronger influence within the international community. China’s presence in Africa can be gauged by the increase inbilateral trade, which went from $12.3 billion in 2002 to$40 billion in 2005 before climbing to $55.5 billion the followingyear and to $72.9 billion in 2007.Criticism of China’s policy in Africa has become commonplace.

Има още