Балканите и Новият път на коприната – между Европа и Евразия

Професор д-р Александър Богданов Алексиев, синолог

СУ «Св. Климент Охридски», ФКНФ, ЦИЕК, КЕКИА

The Balkans and the New Silk Road: Between Europe and Eurasia

Professor Alexander Bogdanov Alexiev,Ph.D., Sinologist

Sofia University „St. Kliment Ohridski“, FCMF, CELC, DLCEА

Abstract

Bulgaria alongwith the other 16 countries of Central and Eastern Europe should seek its place in the Balkan scheme of the New Silk Road. The Balkansare about to become a part of the construction of the largest in history, the shortest and most important path of the Chinese economic colossus to the rich markets of Western Europe – the largest trading partner of China, playing a key role in its future economic development. The important geographical location of the Balkans should not be perceived only as a direct transit route to EU markets. Countries in the Balkan region in this situation should not just play the passive role of a transit territory.They have a real opportunity to organize and to come up with initiatives that go beyond the logistics and transport infrastructure, and take advantage of China’s plans to expand its presence in the CEE region to develop their new export markets in Asia and Europe. Projects should be linked also to investments that provide comprehensive systematic growth and jobs, including the construction of the physical infrastructure itself, helping to raise the standard of living of the local population, andthusputintoreallife the motto „win-win cooperation“ (合作共赢), widely proclaimed within this strategic initiative. For Bulgaria priority Chinese projects are „Adriatic-Baltic-Black Sea Seaport Cooperation“ and the International Transport Corridor Europe-Caucasus-Asia (TRACECA).

Keywords:

EU, Europe, Bulgaria, Balkans, 16+1, China, New Silk Road, OBOR, TRACECA

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