Цанко Цолов, магистър I курс, СУ «Св. КлиментОхридски», ИФ
The first firearms of Japan and their role for the country’s unification (1543 – 1615)
Tsanko Tsolov, Sofia University „St. Kliment Ohridski“, History department
In 1543 A.D. the portuguese introduced the first firearms in Japan – the musket. The local feudal lords – the Daimyo, found the new weapon astonishing and bought several guns along with the recipe for making gunpowder. That happened in times, in which the japanese warfare was changing heavily. The small, well trained samurai troops, and their subordinates fighting alongside them, were replaced with larger armies of ashigaru – lightfoot soldiers, most of them armed with firearms. Japan’s great unificators – Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi were the ones, who gave the firearms greater role in battle. It was their tactital skills and the power of firearms combined, that gave Nobunaga, and later Hideyoshi, the upper hand in the bloody wars of the late XVI century. All this culminated in the establishing of the Tokugawa shogunate by Tokugawa Ieyasu – subordinate of both Nobunaga and Hideyoshi.
The first firearms in Japan, Japan’s unification, Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Portuguese landing on Tanegashima.
МП История и съвременно развитие на страните от Източна Азия (Япония, Китай, Корея), СУ „Св. Климент Охридски“
Colonial administration in Korea under Japanese rule
MP History and Contemporary development of the East Asian Countries (Japan, China, Korea), Sofia „St. Kliment Ohridski” University
Abstract: The aim of the report is to show how the administration functioned at that time, how it was arranged and how it proceeded against the Koreans. The treaty of September 1905 officially ended the war between Japan and Russia and when the Protectorate Treaty was concluded, the office of Resident-General was eastablished. The Japanese became annoyed by the Kojong’s actions during the The Heague Peace Conference held in June 1907. As a result, he was forced to abdicate in favor of his son – Sunjong, who was the last ruler of the Choson dynasty. With the Treaty of Annexation of 1910, Korea became a colony of Japan. It was ruled through the office of a Governor-General. During the period 1910-1919, the Koreans were controlled by gendarmerie-police system. All highеst positions in both central and local governments were held by the Japanese. Saito Makoto, the third Governor-General of Korea succeeded in establishing local administrative systems. The Governor-General’s administration planned to assimilate the Koreans into Japanese culture. The Koreans were forced to abandon their traditional clothes; to stop using their own language; to worship at Shinto shrines and at last – they had to adopt Japanese style names. Every aspect of their lives were controlled by the Japanese and their rules and regulations. That was the period of Japanization from 1931 to August 1945.
Keywords: Resident-General, The Governor-General’s administration, Governor-General, central and local goverments, Japanization
През юли 1942 г., точно седем месеца след като японците бомбардират американския флот в Пърл Харбър и надделяват над западните сили в Югоизточна Азия, няколко изтъкнати японски учени и интелектуалци се събират на конференция в Киото. Някои от тях са литератори от т.нар. Група на романтиците, други са философи от будистко-хегелианската школа в Киото. Основна тема на дискусията им е „как да надмогнем модерното“.
Prof. Dr. Habil. Nako Stefanov
/Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, Faculty of Classical and Modern Philology, East Asian Studies Department/
In a landmark shift in the global economy, where the United States gave the first place in the world in GDP in favor of the PRC, we are witnessing a complex, careful, and multipass ambiguous geopolitical and geo-economic game between the two countries – US and People’s Republic of China(PRC). When after the beginning of the so-called. „Global Crisis“ was finally buried the phenomenon of „Chimerica“, the „game“ USA – China takes place today between two poles – G-2 and „Cloudy War“. The space between these two poles provides various opportunities influenced by many factors. Има още
JAPAN’S VICTORY IN THE RUSSO-JAPANESE WAR – A TRIUMPH OR A DISAPPOINTMENT?
The report outlines the specific military and geopolitical aspects of the events during the closing months and the aftermath of the Russo-Japanese War, thus challenging the widely held view that Japan accomplishes a stunning victory over the much more powerful Russian Empire in the beginning of the 20th century.
Keywords: Russia, Japan, war, East Asia, peace treaty, disappointment